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Definitions and Concepts Introduction to Communication Science

In this article, we will be introduced to how to know the understanding of communication science which is a vital human need. Objectives, nature, the process of communication, and history of communication. Through this article, it is expected to be able to understand, know and understand the meaning of communication, the purpose of communication, the essence and process of communication and must know how the history of communication development is.

Understanding of communication science

Communication science is part of the social sciences. Scientifically, social science departs from its main science, namely sociology, which then develops into branches of anthropology, psychology, etc. In human life, it is undeniable that knowledge, information, technical skills, experience, and organizational skills are very important factors for the advancement of your career life.

Definitions and Concepts Introduction to Communication Science
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For individuals, there is a very important factor, namely communication. How well you communicate with your colleagues, your boss, organizational leaders, customers, lecturers, students, or with anyone you want to interact with, communication leads to conveying messages to other people, in certain ways, clearly received. Communication is an important factor in your career. Without having adequate communication skills, it is difficult for someone to improve their abilities/career.

Naturally, the ability to communicate already exists in humans, even without having to be studied. With this potential, we will be able to develop brotherhood, friendship, and good relations with anyone.

The word communication or communication in English comes from the Latin communicate (to share), to make togetherness or build togetherness between two or more people. Communication or communicate "means to make the same" (to make common). Communication suggests that a thought, meaning, or message is shared.

Communicate (V):
  1. Exchange ideas
  2. be/make to know
  3. make/be the same
  4. have the same relationship.
Communications (N):
  1. Exchange of symbols, common messages, and information
  2. The process of exchange between individuals
  3. The art of expressing ideas
  4. The science of sending information
Communicology: The study of social phenomena as a result of the process of mass communication, group communication, and communication between charms.

Communicology (De Vito): The science of communication, especially communication by and among humans.

Communication expert: Communicologist

Community or community also emphasizes similarity or togetherness which is similar to communication. A community is a group of people who come together or live together to achieve a certain goal and they share meanings and attitudes. So community will not exist without communication because communication plays a role and explains togetherness.

Understanding communication science is a science that studies the content of messages conveyed by the sender of the message/communicator to the recipient of the message/communicant to change attitudes/opinions.

Communication science is included in the social sciences group and is an applied science so communication science is interdisciplinary.

Meanwhile, the target of communication science is the statement and technique of human delivery in communication.

Communication science (Hovland): A systematic effort to formulate firmly the principles of information delivery and the formation of opinions and attitudes.

Communication (Hovland): the process of changing the behavior of others.

Communication (Laswell): Who says, what in which to whom with what effect?

History of communication development

The history of the development of human communication can be traced to about 4,000 years BC. From that era until now, the history of the development of human communication can be divided into four eras of change, namely:
  • In the era of written communication,
  • the era of print communication,
  • Telecommunications communication era
  • The era of interactive communication.
The era of written communication occurred when the Sumerians began to recognize the ability to write on clay sheets around 4,000 BC (years BC). Since then the Sumerians used writing with symbols formed from pictography as letters. These symbols and letters also have different sound forms (pronunciations) so that they can become words, sentences, and language.

The ancient Egyptians used hieroglyphs in 2900 BC. Hieroglyphs are a language of symbols, where each expression is represented by a different symbol. If these symbols are combined into a series, it will produce a different meaning. This hieroglyphic form of writing and language was more advanced than that of the Sumerians.

Definitions and Concepts Introduction to Communication Science

The era of print communication began with the invention of the hand-press printing machine by Gutenberg in 1456 by using letter plates made of iron and interchangeable in a frame made of wood.

The era of telecommunications, The era of telecommunications began with the invention of the telegraph and the Morse code language by Samuel Morse with Sir William Cook and Sir Charles Wheatstone. Morse uses simple codes to represent the messages he wants to send using electrical pulses over a single wire. A telegraph is a tool for sending and receiving messages over long distances. The first message sent by the operator was on January 6, 1838, using Morse code. This message is often called a cable or wire message.

Telephone

In 1877 Alexander Graham Bell invented and developed the first common use of the telephone. In 1879 the telephone dialing system began using numbers that replaced the name dialing system. This is to prevent operators who do not know all customers. In Indonesia, the first local telephone was used on October 16, 1882, and was held by a private party. This first telephone network connects Gambir and Tanjung Priok (Batavia).

In the era of interactive communication, In 1939 Dr. John V. Atanasoff and assisted Clifford Berry succeeded in creating the first digital electronic computer. Since then the computer has developed so that it becomes more sophisticated.

Internet

The networks that make up the internet (short for interconnected networking) began in 1969 as the Arpanet. This series was built by Arpa (United States Department of Defense Advanced Project Agency). In Indonesia, the internet started in the early 1990s.

There is articles about Definitions and Concepts of Introduction to Communication Science According to Experts. Hopefully, this article can be useful for all of us.

Bibliography
Extracted from the main reference sources:
Devito, Joseph A., Human Communication, e.d. 5th, professional books, 1997
Mulyana, Deddy, Communication science an introduction, P.T. Youth Rosdakarja, Bandung, 2000. Ministry of National Education, Electronic School Book