Skip to content Skip to sidebar Skip to footer

6 Communication Orders that Must Be Mastered in Interaction

This time we will discuss 6 levels of communication. Through this article, it is hoped that one of the definitions of communication implies intentionality. Gerald R. Miller.

Hopefully, with this we know and understand and apply in communication activities, the 6 communication arrangements that they must master in interacting.

6 Communication Orders that Must Be Mastered in Interaction
image source: pexels.com

The Six Levels of Communication According to Dennis Mc Quail

  1. Intrapersonal Communication
  2. Interpersonal Communication
  3. Group Communication
  4. Intergroup Communication
  5. Organizational Communication
  6. Mass communication
In the scientific approach, people involved in communication are categorized as message senders and message recipients, in a humanistic approach, they are called communication participants, or both are called communicators.

Not all human behavior is communication. The general form of action of people involved in communication, namely the creation of messages and interpretation of messages Human communication involves at least two people, even though the two people do not face to face or are even contemporaries.

Personal Communication (Personal Communication):
Intrapersonal/Intrapersonal Communication takes place within a person. That person acts as a communicator and communicant. He talks to himself and dialogues with himself. He asks himself and is answered by himself.

When we reflect, when we think when we introspect are examples of this form of communication. This communication is the basis of interpersonal communication and communication in other contexts. The success of our communication with others depends on the effectiveness of our communication with ourselves.

Each type of communication will generally be preceded by an intrapersonal/intrapersonal communication process. Every stimulus that is captured by the human senses will be processed in the human mind (thought process) before he performs a reaction.

The communication process that occurs within a person, in the form of processing information through the five senses and the nervous system.

Example: Thinking, contemplating, drawing, writing something, etc.

Neurophysiological processes

The process that occurs in a person when doing intrapersonal communication.

Being able to have a dialogue with yourself means being able to recognize our strengths and weaknesses.

To be a good communicator, doing intrapersonal communication is very important before we communicate with other people.

So a person who is capable/skilled in interpersonal communication is before being able to understand other people, should be able to understand himself, his feelings, beliefs, personal values, attitudes, perceptions of the environment, and motivation to get something worth doing.

Two factors influence interpersonal communication.
1. Internal stimuli, refer to psychological/physiological situations, such as hunger/restlessness.

It's different if we take the exam when we are hungry and full.

2. External stimuli, Coming from the surrounding environment, both openly and intentionally, for example seeing traffic lights or listening to back-sounds in movie shows on television.

Purpose of intrapersonal communication

  1. Strengthen self-esteem
  2. Increase self-awareness
  3. Improve problem-solving and problem analysis skills
  4. Improve self-control
  5. Reduce stress
  6. Resolve interpersonal conflicts.

Interpersonal communication

According to Joseph A. DeVito, 1989:
The process of sending messages from one person to another with immediate or immediate effect and feedback.
  • Face to face communication
  • Mutual understanding
  • Dialog

Because feedback occurs directly, the communicator can know the effect of the communication at the same time (immediate feedback).

The advantage of interpersonal communication to carry out persuasion is because of personal contact allows communicators to know, understand, and examine: The subject of communication, direct communicant responses, the atmosphere at the time of communication.

So communicators can: control every word and sentence spoken, repeat important words with explanations, strengthen speech with the help of expressions and hand movements, adjust intonation, and align ratios and feelings.

In interpersonal communication there are terms:
  • Homophily, Describes the degree to which pairs of communicators have the same characteristics/attributes, such as beliefs, cultural values, education, social status, etc.

Trust, for example, when someone reveals something about himself to another person, is expected to bring up a reciprocal openness to the second person. (Jourad, 1964).

Cultural values, education, social status: describe the degree to which individual couples interact who have similarities in nature, such as beliefs, values, education, social status, etc.

Heterophily is the opposite of homophily.

The degree to which pairs of interacting people differ in certain traits.

In communication that is done to change something, empathy is very necessary so that communication runs correctly and effectively.

6 Levels of Communication
6 Communication Orders that Must Be Mastered in Interaction 2

Source or sources can consist of individuals, many individuals or parties who create messages such as: In organizations, parties, or institutions.

Source/sources can be said as source - sender - encoder.

The message is the content of the communication that has value and is conveyed by the communicator through the translation of ideas into symbolic codes such as language.

Channel is a tool for sending messages which can be in the form of oral, written, or electronic communication channels.

The receiver is the party who is the target of the message sent by the communicator. The receiver can send feedback, response, and reaction.

Interpersonal communication

Interpersonal communication is communication between people face-to-face, which allows each participant to capture the reactions of others directly, both verbally and non-verbally. This special form of communication is dyadic communication, which involves only two people, such as a husband and wife, two colleagues, two close friends, etc.

The characteristics of dyadic communication are: the communicating parties are nearby, sending and receiving messages stimulant and spontaneously, both verbally and non-verbally.

As the most complete and perfect communication, interpersonal communication plays an important role at any time, as long as humans still have emotions. This communication makes people feel more familiar with each other.

Five-stage relationship model

De Vito, explains that interpersonal relationships are fostered through stages, namely:
  1. Contact
  2. Involvement
  3. Familiarity
  4. destruction
  5. Termination

The five-stage relationship model outlines the important stages in relationship development. For each particular relationship, modifications and revisions of this basic model can be made. But as a general description of relationship development, the stages seem fairly standard (De Vito, 1986).

These stages describe the relationship as it is.

Contact, starting from the first time we met and the first time we made contact.

In engagement, the recognition stage further begins to open up to each other in communication, when we commit ourselves to getting to know others better and also reveal ourselves.

Familiarity, you bind yourself further to this person, due to involvement, the relationship becomes more intimate

Destruction, at this stage a decline in the relationship can occur between the two of them or the presence of a third party.

Termination is the severance of the bond that binds the two parties.

Explaining interpersonal relationships can identify two important characteristics. First, interpersonal relationships go through several stages, starting from the initial interaction stage to termination. Second, interpersonal relationships differ in both breadth and depth.

That's an article about 6 Communication Orders that Must Be Mastered in Interacting. Hopefully, this article can be useful for all of us.